Detergent is substances that remove off particles of grease and dirt from other fabrics, objects, cloths, body and use in industry .Detergent are made up of different types. Any substance that is used to clean the laundry is called detergent. There are different types of detergent used depending upon the type of laundry.

Detergent use in:

The first substance made as a detergent was soap. On the other hand, metal soaps, alkaline earth carboxylates or heavy metals are long-chain. These soaps are insoluble in water and in inorganic systems, for example, additives to lubricating oils, rust inhibitors, waterproofing materials and gelatinous fuels, fungicides are used. Bleaches and remove colors although all the metal salts of fatty acids are soap, only alkaline salts such as sodium and potassium are soluble in water and have a cleansing effect.


Synthetic detergents

Liquid soap


Washing powder

Bleaches and remove Colors

The groups of chemical are used for detergent:

Sulfonic Acid

Labsa/Linear/benzene sulphonic acid

Triethanolamine Lauryl Sulfate / TLS

Diethanolamin /DEA

Triethanolamin/ TEA

Sodium Lauryl Sulfate /SLS

Sles/texapon/Solium Lauryl ether Sulfate

Ammonium Lauryl Sulfate /ALS


NaOCl/ Sodium hypochlorite

NaOH/Sodium hydroxide

Sodium carbonate/soda ash

The kind of different detergents

1) Powder detergent 

2) Conventional detergent 

3) Liquid detergent 

The groups of surface-active agents are use in detergent:

  Anionic detergent: that is including soap and the largest synthetic detergents

  Cationic detergent: that produces electrically positive ions in solution.

  Nonionic detergent: it produces electrically neutral colloidal particles in solution.

Principle groups of synthetic detergents:

Detergents are complex formulations that contain more than 25 different ingredients that can be categorized into the following main groups:

1. Surfactants

2. Builders

3. Bleaching agents

4. Additives

Molecules in detergent

The detergent (surface-active agents) has chemical structures: their molecules contain a hydrophobic (water-insoluble) part, same as a fatty acid or a rather long chain carbon group such as fatty alcohols or alkyl benzene.The molecule contains a hydrophilic (water-soluble) group, such as −COONa, or a sulfa group, such as −OSO3Na or −SO3Na.The hydrophobic part of the molecule attaches to the solid or fiber and the soil, and the hydrophilic part attaches to the water.

What is acid slurry?

Acid slurry is a sulphonation product made by sulphonation of linear alkyl benzene by oleum or so3 or sulphuric acid. It is used in manufacturing of various detergents.

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