Polymer and petrochemical
The word polymer is derived from the Greek word (poly) and (meros) meaning the paragraph.Polymers are very large molecules that consist of a large number of atoms.Micro-molecules are predominantly of little molecular weight,but polymer does not have a limit on molecular weight.
Polymer, both synthetic polymer and natural polymer play essential and ubiquitous roles in everyday life due to their broad range of properties.
The petrochemical industry has been specially positioned as an opportunity to convert raw materials (oil and gas) into valuable products in the Middle East.
The petrochemical chain begins with hydrocarbons in crude oil, gas condensate, or natural gas, and after processing into chemical and petrochemical processes, they become new chemical products.
The production of downstream unit’s Petrochemical industry are manufactures of synthetic and textile fibers, industrial oils, paints and protective coatings, pesticides, sanitary and chemical fertilizers, plastic containers, plastic products, sports goods, toys and all kinds of clothes.
The types of Polymer
Polymer is used in many industries. Some of the industries that consume polymer include packaging, home appliance, automotive, health and pharmaceutical industries, agriculture and construction industries.
What is the Polymer?
polymers are made up of hydrocarbons (carbon and hydrogen). These types of polymers are composed of continuous carbon atoms, in the form of a long chain called the axial column of the polymer. Given the nature of carbon, one or more atoms can be connected to each carbon atom in the pivot column. In some polymers, there are only atoms of carbon and hydrogen. Polyethylene, polypropylene, poly butylene, polyesters and polyethylene are considered to be in this category.
Polymer and industries
There are many industries that are in some way associated with polymer materials. The world's most important and oldest industry is the chemical industry. With the creation of new methods for polymer synthesis, the chemical industry is undergoing enormous transformation, and new polymer materials are emerging with new applications in the industry.
Types of tires, plastics, various adhesives, various types of coatings and other polymeric materials used in engineering equipment and facilities such as polyethylene pipes, plastic tanks, plastic cases for home and many others, all made of a variety of polymers.