Polyvinyl chloride| PVC

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is one of the most commonly used thermoplastic polymers. Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is white and very dry and fragile nature. Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is used more   than most other polymers. Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is produced in two types: dry and fragile (RPVC or UPVC) or flexible plastic

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is a member of the family of polymers and copolymers, all of them having a common vinyl group (-CH2-CH). Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is one of the most valuable products of the petrochemical industry. Generally, more than 50% of PVC is used in building construction, because PVC is cheap and easily bonded. In recent years, PVC has been replaced by traditional building materials such as wood, cement and pottery in many areas.

The Polyvinyl chloride, PVC used in Rigid and Semi-Rigid and Plasticized PVC; Pipes, Profiles, Tubes, Sheets and Film, Rigid Foam for Flooring, Leather Cloth, Sealing Compounds, Coating and Laminating.

Other name, SYNONYMS: PVC; Ethylene, chloro-, polymer; Chlorethene homopolymer; Chlorethylene polymer; Vinyl chloride Polymer; Poly (chlorethylene),Vinyl Resin, polyvinyl chloride

The types of PVCs produced 

U-PVC, UnPlasticized Poly Vinyl Chloride

PVDC, Poly Vinylidene Chloride

PVAC, Poly Vinyl Acetate

EVA, Ethylene Vinyl Acetate

Application for Polyvinyl chloride, PVC

PVC is one of the most widely used thermoplastics and its properties such as  robustness or durability can be changed as necessary according to the types of additives mixed during the  processing process.

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is used in a variety of applications in the building and construction, health care, electronics, automobile and other sectors, in products ranging from piping, blood bags and tubing, to wire and cable insulation, windshield system components.

Application in the building industry: pipes, fittings, wall coverings, doors and windows.

Building and Commercial Structures: Flexible vinyl sheet of floor covering with tile, insulating and wrapping of wire, electric bar, boxes and outer casing, which are hardly molded.

Sports goods: Toys and sports shoes.

Application in household appliances, luggage, handbags, shoes, desktops, stickers, labels, book covers, office books and credit cards.

Car applications: Door panel, car seats, various parts of the body.

Special applications in the packaging and medical industries.

Opaque and transparent bottles, medical gloves, blood storage and maintenance bags, various tubes and hoses.

Physical & chemical properties of Polyvinyl chloride

A highly versatile polymer, PVC is compatible with many additives. It can be plasticized to make it flexible for use in flooring or UnPlasticized (PVC-U) for use in building applications and window frames. The vinyl chloride molecule is C2H3Cl.

Physical Properties:


Tensile Strength:

2.60 N/mm2

Notched Impact Strength:

2.0 - 4.5 Kj/m2

Thermal Coefficient of Expansion:

80 x 10-6

Max. Continued Use Temperature:

60 oC (140 oF)

Melting Point:

212 oC (413 oF)

Glass Transition Temperature:

81 oC (178 oF)


1.38 g/cm3

Electrical Properties of PVC is a good insulation material.

Durability of PVC is resistant to weathering, chemical rotting, corrosion, shock and abrasion. It is the preferred choice for many long-life and outdoor products.

Flame Retardancy: Because of its high chlorine content, PVC products are self- extinguishing.

Cost/Performance Ratio: PVC has good physical as well as mechanical properties and hence provides excellent   cost-performance advantages. It has long life span and need low maintenance.

Mechanical Properties: PVC is abrasion-resistant, lightweight and tough.

Chemical Resistance: PVC is resistant to all inorganic chemicals.

Disadvantages and advantage Polyvinyl chloride, PVC

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC material is a perfect mix of desired properties for different kind of plastic products.

PVC is Biocompatible

Offers clarity & transparency

 Low thermal conductivity

 Little or no maintenance is requires

 PVC is Cheap & readily available

 Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is a good resistance.

Though Polyvinyl chloride, PVC offers a number of benefits but also has some limitation involved with it which is:

PVC has poor heat stability and stabilizers are needed to maintain stability.

 In PVC‘s production process, it releases some harmful fumes and is also subjected to fire.

Storage of Polyvinyl chloride, PVC

Store in a cool, dry, properly ventilated place and keep isolated from open flames and other sources of ignition.

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC Packing:

You can buy Polyvinyl chloride, PVC in 25 KG bag.Polyvinyl chloride, PVC is not regulated as a hazardous material by the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT), IMGD, EU, and United Nations, IATA or the Canadian Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) regulations.

Precautions for safe handling for work with Polyvinyl chloride, PVC

Contact with Polyvinyl chloride, PVC particulates can be irritating to the eyes and respiratory tract. Avoid contact with the eyes and wear appropriate eye protection when necessary. Operations that produce airborne dusts should be conducted in well ventilated areas. When exposures to airborne Polyvinyl chloride, PVC particulates exceed the applicable exposure limits, appropriate respiratory protection must be worn.

That is better to use protective clothing, including gloves, aprons, and other outer garments may be desirable in extremely dusty areas. Wear ANSI approved safety glasses with side shields and/or an appropriate full-face shield.

Polyvinyl chloride, PVC in ShinaDT

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